Farm activities to perform after planting includes:
Slow deep and infrequent watering allows the soil to become thoroughly moist and encourages a deep root system. The amount and frequency of the water will depend on natural rainfall, soil types and the types of growing. Water early in the day to allow the foliage to dry off before nightfall, this helps to prevent and minimize disease issues.
Weeds must be immediately removed while small and as they appear. Weeds compete for space, moisture, and nutrients with the seeds/plants. Remove them with shallow cultivation. Mulch added afterward will help retard future weed growth. As the seeds/plants begin to grow and start to fill in and shade the soil surface this will also help to slow down the growth of weeds.
Mulching is a process by which a protective layer made of compost is applied on the surface of soil in order to protect it from erosion, conserve the moisture of soil, control weeds & maintain the temperature of soil. Mulch materials such as dry grass clippings, hulls, pine needles, compost or shredded leaves can be used.
Most plants will do well with the basic initial fertilization during soil preparation. Additional fertilizer applications can be made 6-8 weeks after planting if the appearance of the plants requires it. If dry fertilizer is used, follow the application with water to remove fertilizer from the foliage. If you are using liquid fertilizer, apply to moist, not dry soil.
Grooming – Deadheading and Pinching
Crops benefit from deadheading or the removal of spent flowers to encourage a strong growth. Deadheading will help the plants remain attractive, keep them from going to seed, help prevent disease and increase flower production. The process can be done by either pinching out the old flowers as they fade with your fingers or cut them out with a pruning shears.
Each crop requires different type of care and monitoring, therefore, these activities may vary with the type of crops involved.