Natural HerbSales and Market

GINGER (Zingiber officinale)

Ginger is widely known as a herb and flowering plant with rhizomes or roots that are simply ginger itself. Its underground roots are what many of us are familiar with when cooking. The ginger plant has narrow green leaves and yellow flowers. It has underground stems that can grow up to one meter in height.



Two varieties of ginger are popularly grown in Nigeria at present. These are Yellow ginger (Hedychium flavescens) and Black ginger (Kaempferia parviflora), they are highly rated for their oil and oleoresin. It is grown extensively, mainly in the North Central area of Nigeria. 


In Africa, Nigeria is the largest producer of ginger and the fourth-largest producer of ginger in the world. Nigeria’s production in 2005 was estimated at 110,000 metric tons (FAO). By 2012, Nigeria produced 156,000 MT of ginger, accounting for 7% in the world and ranking 4th globally, 10% is reported to be locally consumed as fresh ginger while 90% is dried primarily for the export markets.

Economic Influence 

Today, it is reported that Nigeria is the third-largest exporter of ginger in the world after China and India. The quality of the Nigeria Ginger is reportedly being among the best in the world and has contributed to/ and is the reason for the increased demand.

A large percentage of the ginger is exported to China, the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, France, the United States of America, Russia, Saudi Arabia Chad, Sudan, and Ghana, among others while the remaining is sold mainly in the northern states.

Ginger is an important economic crop that is commercially produced in South and Southeast Asia, tropical parts of Africa and Latin America, and the Caribbean. While fresh ginger is mostly consumed in Asia, there has been an increasing demand for ginger in North America and Western Europe. In 2000 alone, the United States imported approximately 19,000 metric tons of ginger. China and Thailand are the two greatest producers of ginger; however, the majority of ginger root marketed in the United States comes from Hawaii and the Fiji Islands. Its cultivation in Nigeria commenced in 1927 in southern Zaria, Jemma Federated district and the neighboring part of Plateau but today, ginger is cultivated nationwide. 

Available in:

Dried roots

(left to dry to conserve major nutrients)

Powdered ginger

(this is made from the dried root or ‘stem’ ginger. The fresh young roots are at times peeled, sliced and cooked in heavy sugar syrup).

Fresh roots

(these provide the freshest taste of ginger)

Pickled ginger

(the roots are sliced into thin pieces and pickled in vinegar)

Crystallized ginger

(it is cooked in sugar syrup; air-dried and rolled in sugar)

Ginger water

(it is used to treat a variety of conditions, such as pain and nausea)


Ginger is used in the medical fields for diverse purposes such as reduce the risk of cancer, aid digestion, serve as an anti-inflammatory agent and so on.

Ginger is used to adding taste to meals, add flavor to drinks and as a spice to many other food products.

One of the chemicals in ginger is also used as an ingredient in laxative, anti-gas, and antacid medications.

In manufacturing, ginger is used for fragrance in soaps, cosmetics and lots more.

Ginger has a wide range of applications ranging from food processing to pharmaceuticals, soap making, etc. The demand for ginger increases by the day due to its ease in accessibility, convenience to handle and wide range of usage.

These amazing and remarkable features and qualities have brought international interest in ginger. Therefore, Farmcenta is aggregating over one thousand farmers for the production and exportation of ginger with off-taking partners in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) market. 

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