Food is a necessity for human existence. Food production is also important for the economic sustenance of a nation. Agriculture is significant not only in Nigeria but in all countries not only because it is a source of food but it is also needed for the production of raw materials for industry and all basic human needs. Agriculture is the cultivation and breeding of plants and animals for food, biofuel, fiber, medicine and other products needed to sustain and improve life. Agriculture also includes all activities involved in the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural produce. The agricultural sector in Nigeria has remained a great contributor to national wealth over the years. Little wonder it is represented by the green color in the Nigerian flag.
Benefits of Agriculture:
Agriculture is the major source of the food we consume. The food we eat is the major source of the nutrients needed for human life. The significance of agriculture in achieving food security cannot be overemphasized. Food security is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as “when all people at all times have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”.
Production Of Raw Materials For Industries
The agricultural sector serves as a pillar for many other industries such as pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and rubber production. Many of these industries depend on agricultural products as raw materials for the manufacturing of several other items and may not survive without agriculture. In actual sense, the basic needs for human survival; food, shelter, and clothing all depend on agriculture. Agriculture provides crops for food, animals for food, wood for shelter, silk, and wool for clothing.
Agriculture involves so many activities such as production, harvesting, transportation, processing, distribution, packaging and marketing of agricultural products. These activities involve the use of both human labor and machinery. In Nigeria, the agricultural sector is responsible for the employment of about 70% of the labor force both directly and indirectly. Although nowadays, farming has been largely mechanized, people are still needed to operate these machines.
There are many agro tourism locations in Nigeria such as the Yankari National Park, Obudu Mountain Resort, Kainji National Park, Lekki Conservation Center, Gurara Waterfalls, and many others. These tourist destinations can contribute to the national economy by causing an influx of cash into the agricultural system due to the contribution of tourists to the sales, profits, tax, and income of a country through hotel lodging, feeding, and transportation. Agrotourism also leads to global recognition, job creation, and preservation of local culture.
Entrepreneurial & Investment Opportunities
Agriculture provides entrepreneurship opportunities through diverse ventures such as honey making, beef making, poultry farming, and many others. Some of these ventures have low risk and high profitability. Also, agriculture presents opportunities in tangible agro-business investments such as crop and animal production and intangible ones such as stocks, futures, and bonds.
Farmcenta is an Agri-tech startup that seeks to improve rural farming by addressing farmer’s critical farming needs such as mechanized tools, high yield seeds, training on climate smart agriculture techniques and off-take harvest to increase food production in Nigeria and Africa. Our mission is to provide an opportunity for everyone to support the SDG 2: Zero Hunger. Learn more by visiting our website at www.farmcenta.com or contact us via Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn, or via email at email@example.com.